Vocabulary - 1

At school - V šoli

Masculine
Moški spol
student
enec, študent
teacher
itelj
professor
professor
friend
prijatelj
sir, mister, (Mr.)
gospod (g.)
engineer
inženir
lawyer
advokat, odvetnik
architect
arhitekt
secretary tajnik, sekretar
worker, labourer
delavec
child, (children)
otrok, (otroci)
physician, (doctor)
zdravnik, (doktor)
a Slovenian
slovenec

 

Feminine
Ženski spol
student
enka, študentka
teacher
iteljica
professor
professorica
friend
prijateljica
madam, (Mrs.)
gospa, (ga.)
Miss
gospodična, gdč.
housewife
gospodinja
secretary
tajnica, sekretarka
nurse
bolniška sestra, bolničarka
physician, doctor
zdravnica, doktorica
a Slovenian
Slovenka

 

Other words
Druge beseda
today
danes
at home
doma
here
tukaj
there
tam
in school
v šoli
at work
v službi
in the hospital
v bolnici
in town, downtown
v mestu
where
kje
who
kdo
yes
da, ja
no
ne
or conj.
ali
Eh?
Ali?

 

Everyday expressions
Vsakdanji izrazi
Please
Prosim
Thank you
Hvala
Thank you very much
Hvala lepa. ali Najlepša hvala.
You're welcome, (Don't mention it.)
Prosim, (ni za kaj.)
I am in a hurry
Meni se mudi. ali Mudi se mi.
How is everything?
Kako je kaj?
How are you? (familiar)
Kako si? ali Kako si kaj?
How are you (formal)
Kako ste? ali Kako ste kaj?
How are you? (lit. How do you have yourself?)
Kako se kaj imaš? (familiar)
How are you? (lit. How is it going for you?)
Kako se kaj imate? (formal)
Fine, thank you.
Dobro, hvala. ali Hvala, dobro.
Very well, thank you.
Zelo dobro, hvala.
Just fine, thank you.
Prav dobro, hvala.
As usual.
Kar po navadi.

NOTE - OPOMBA

The word "kaj" in the expressions above has no specific meaning.  It is used simply as a "flavouring" particle much the same as the "Eh?" common in Canadian English.

 

EXERCISE: For each table above, block out the English side and fill it in according to what is on the Slovenian side.  Repeat, this time blocking out the Slovenian and filling in according to what is on the English side.  Repeat until you get it almost perfect almost every time going either way.

 

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